Corpus of Hispanic Chivalric Romances

The semi-paleographic transcriptions found in this corpus of chivalric romances follow the coding system established by the Dictionary of the Old Spanish Language project, as set forth in A Manual of Manuscript Transcription for the Dictionary of the Old Spanish Language by David Mackenzie, revised and expanded in its fifth edition by Ray Harris- Northall (Madison: Hispanic Seminary of Medieval Studies, 1997). The basic coding that readers will find in the transcriptions is as follows.


Braces [{ }] enclose all mnemonics.

{CW. xxx} indicates the catchword or signature at the bottom of a folio “xxx”.

{HD. xxx \ z} indicates a running title or head “xxx” at the top of a folio side with original foliation numbered “z”. Back-slash [ \ ] precedes the original folio notation.

{CBx. Indicates a column boundary with “x” columns per folio side. The content of each column is set off by the CB mnemonic at the beginning and enclosed by a final brace [ }] at the end.

{MIN. } indicates a miniature or woodcut in the text.   A vector [=] within the MIN mnemonic indicates the relationship of a diagram or miniature or woodcut to accompany text.

{ILL. ) indicates an illustration or decoration the text.

{RUB. } indicates a rubric used in the text, usually at section-initial position.

{RMK:  } indicates a remark field, principally at the beginning but occasionally in text, to provide editorial information.

Special Characters:

Angular brackets [< >] enclose all expansions of scribal abbreviation.

Double angular brackets [<< >>] enclose all text in raised in superscript position. Parentheses [ ( ) ] enclose all editorial deletions.

Double parenthesis [(( ))] indicates parenthesis appearing as punctuation in the text.

Brackets [[]] enclose folios references: e.g.,
[fol.1v] indicates the beginning o the text of folio 1 verso.
[fol. 2r] indicates the beginning of the text of 2 recto, and similar notation for subsequent folios.

Brackets other than in the folio reference indicate editorial insertion.

Brackets enclosing ellipsis […] indicates a break in logical sense or non-sequitur in the text.

Apostrophe after any symbol or letter except c indicates grapheme sigma: dez’ir is  dezir written with sigma.

Apostrophe after c indicates grapheme ç or Ç.

Tilde [~]  indicates a scribal abbreviation; and following n [n~] represents early equivalent of modern ñ.

Asterisk within brackets [*] marks reconstruction of illegible text. Caret [^] appears between brackets to indicate scribal insertion.

Caret with 2 [^2] appears between brackets to indicate scribal insertion by a second hand.

Question marks in brackets [[??]] indicate illegible letters or text in the original work. Hyphen in middle of word indicates word split over column or folio boundary. Hyphen at line end indicates word divided over line boundary.

Plus sign in square brackets [ [+] ] links a prefix to its lexical base when they are written separately in the text.

Plus sign alone [+] is used when the logical reading flow of text contained within a mnemonic is interrupted.

Dollar sign within parenthesis [ ($) ]  indicates that the character following the dollar sign has been editorially deleted  because it was inverted when the printed page was set.

Single vertical bar [ | ] indicates internal physical division separating segments or text.

@ indicates the presence of an orthographic accent mark on the preceding character.

Calderon [%] indicates a division signals in the text.